Nemesis is Greek goddess of retribution. She brings about downfall of those who are arrogant and succumb to hubris.
The three pashas of Ottoman Empire were de facto ruler of Empire during World War I. First Pasha, Mehmed Talaat Pasha was Prime Minister (Vazir) and Minister of the Interior; second Pasha, Ismail Enver Pasha the Minister of War; and third Pasha, Ahmed Djemal Pasha was Minister of the Navy.
Three Pashas took pride in Turkish nationalism, but their nationalism excluded the Christian minorities. Their hubris resulted in they taking wrong decision of getting rid of Christian minorities within empire like Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians. In 1915 they rounded up all the Christians and made them march through desert, thousands died due to hunger, their property was confiscated, children were killed and women raped before they were killed. After World War I Turkey was defeated and war tribunal gave death sentence to three Pashas.
It was not that everyone hated three Pashas. There were intellectuals who supported Pashas. One such supporter was novelist Halide Edib Adıvar. She was a strong supporter of women rights, but she supported Djemal Pasha who forced Armenian orphans to learn Turkish and converted them to Islam. Like three Pasha she took false pride in pan Turkism, the made her blind to atrocities committed on Armenians.
Post World War Turkey denied any genocide took place. Anyone talking about genocide was labelled as antinational. When Turkish novelist Orhan Pumak talked about massacre of Armenians, he was labelled as anti-national and sued. Orhan Pumak won Noble Prize for Literature in 2006.
“Thirty thousand Kurds have been killed here, and a million Armenians. And almost nobody dares to mention that. So I do.”
But Armenians never forgot the genocide. Armenian leader Shahan Natalie and his colleagues decided to take revenge. They launched Operation Nemesis ( named after Greek goddess I talked about) to kill Turkish and Azeri officials who massacred Armenians. Their biggest enemy was Talat Pasha. Task of killing Talat Pasha was given to Soghomon Tehlirian. Soghomon came to know that Talat Pasha was in Berlin. He shadowed Talat Pasha and shot him dead. The other two Pashas too were killed. Another prominent person assassinated during operation Nemesis was Fatali Khan Khoyski, prime minister of Azerbaijan.
Story of Soghomon Tehlirian has been published in form of a graphic novel called Operation Nemesis. Soghomon was acquitted by German court and is considered national hero in Armenia.
Many Armenians came and settled in India. One such Armenian was William Robert Yeoward who married lady called Victoria Hemmings. She gave birth to a child called Angelina. Victoria loved music and dance. Later the couple divorced and Victoria converted to Islam and got new name Malka Jaan while Angelina was named Gauhar Jaan. Gauhar Jaan was trained in music and became famous singer. She was first Indian whose music was recorded on Gramophone record. She was star and earned lot of money through recordings. But her lavish lifestyle and reduced earning at end of her career resulted in poverty.